The Panchatantra was written down as early as the second century BC in Sanskrit. It was written by Pandit Vishnu Sharma. It has been translated until today into 57 languages of the world.
According to the German translator Johannes Hertel of Das Panchatantra (1914), there are 200 versions of Panchatantra in fifty non Indian languages.
Panchatantra started its journey before 570 AD with an initial version of Pehlavi (Persian) during the reign of Emperor Khosro Anushirvan (550-578 AD) of Iran.
A Syriac version entitled "Kalilag Wa Dimnag," became available, followed by an Arabic version rendered by Abdallah Ibn al-Maqaffa with the same title in 570 AD.
Like Arab numerals that were borrowed from Hindus, the Arabic version of Panchatantra became the parent of all European versions, known generally as the fables of Bidpai.
Panchatantra was translated into Greek, Latin, Spanish, French, Armenian, English, Slavic languages, Hebrew, Malay etc., between eleventh century and eighteenth century
As stated above, Panchatantra has been trans;ated into well over 50 languages of the world.
Thomas North translated Panchatantra into Elizabethan English (The Fables of Bidpai)
Thomas Irving translated it into English from the Arabic Kalila Wa Dimnah and it was published by Juan de la Cuesta, Newark, Delaware in 1980.
Syriac Language : literature: Panchatantra*
A noteworthy feature of the Sanskrit collections of fables and fairy tales is the insertion of a number of different stories within the frame of a book.
Kidcentric - Did you know where our folktales come from?
Panchatantra tales are available in Persian, Turkish, Hebrew, Latin, Greek (Aesop?s Tales), Spanish, French, English, Italian, German and Danish.
Have you ever wondered about the origins of the popular folktales we all love? From where did this reservoir of Indian stories travel to the world? Here we tell you a story of all these stories.
It feels very nice to know that Indian tales have been handed down to us by the oral tradition. These stories were compiled under various titles and passed on to the future generations.
All ancient civilizations had their folktales, but it was only in India that story telling developed into an art. It was here that Persians learnt this art and passed it on to the Arabs.
From the Middle East, they found their way to Constantinople and Venice. Finally, they appeared in England and France.
Even as they changed hands and assumed different local colours, they did not lose the Indian touch.
So we have seen how the Indian stories won their way into the literature of other nations.